at the crossroads of urbanisation
The pattern and path of urbanisation in Havana are exceptional with a relatively stable population, absence of sprawl, lack of dependence on private cars and large urban segments that have not been altered for more than half a century. However it also epitomises the challenges of cities in the South related to the provision of affordable housing, the pressure of tourism, heritage conservation, public mobility provision. The crisis that followed the collapse of the former eastern socialist block and the impact of the 50 years old U.S.A. economic and financial Blockade against Cuba have framed a context of hardships that have severely impacted the whole of the urban. As it enters a new phase of development it also faces urgent new challenges and opportunities such as the future development of the harbour area.